20 Sep

Different types of painting styles for kids

Painting Styles for Kids

It’s not known when the painting came into existence. But according to multiple archaeological studies, painting has co-existed with humans for as long as 30,000 years!

Thanks to the impact of different cultures and accessories, different types of painting styles have been developed with the progression of time.

So, if you or your child wishes to learn the art of painting, it's important to know about the various painting styles that exist in this world. Today, each painting style has been categorized under either Eastern or Western styles of painting.

Let’s discuss them one by one.

1) Eastern Painting Styles and Techniques

These painting styles include the following art forms:

a) Japanese Painting Style

japanese painting style

The roots of the Japanese painting style can be traced back to the Asuka period (300-700 CE). This painting style includes various components of Chinese and other eastern styles of painting. Additionally, it was heavily influenced by the Western painting style during the 19th century. 

Japanese paintings are drawn on materials like paper, wood, plaster, or silk. The most used colors in this art culture include blue, red, white, and black. The colors were produced from natural materials like seashells, vegetables, mineral pigments, etc. If you wish to know the detailed history of Japanese paintings, click here

b) Chinese Painting Style

chinese painting style

The Chinese art style is one of the most ancient painting styles in the world. The oldest Chinese paintings can be traced back to 25-220 CE. 

Chinese art employed calligraphy in its paintings. Another specialty of these art styles is that the Chinese painters did not use oil in their artwork. Instead, colored ink was used to paint on silk and paper. To learn more about the history of Chinese paintings, click here.

c) Indian Painting Styles

India is home to a variety of cultures. So, it’s only natural that the country’s painting styles have lots of uniqueness to offer. Click here to learn the detailed history of Indian paintings.

Now, let's discuss the 4 major varieties of Indian painting styles, namely: the Mughal style, Rajput style, Tanjore style, and Madhubani style. 

i) Mughal Painting Style

mughal painting style

This painting style originated from the Persian painting style. It gained its full glory in the courts of the Mughal empire (16th-18th century). Usually, such paintings portrayed mythology, battles, stories, the daily life of royal people, etc. 

ii) Rajput/Rajasthan Paintings

rajput painting style, indian painting style

This art style evolved in the royal Rajput courts during the 17th century. It was heavily influenced by the Mughal style of painting. The theme of these paintings revolved around the daily activities of royal families, hunting, Hindu mythology like Mahabharata and Ramayana, Hindu deities, etc. 

iii) Tanjore Paintings

indian painting style, tanjore painting style

This painting style was developed in the city of Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (1676-1855). Tanjore paintings constitute a vital part of South India's rich art heritage. As you can see in the above painting, this art form uses a wide variety of color schemes and focuses on the most intricate details as well.

iv) Madhubani Style

madhubani painting style, indian painting style

According to folklore, the very first Madhubani painting was created in the Mithila kingdom of King Janak. He had ordered the painters to portray the moments of Lady Sita's (his daughter) wedding to Lord Ram. Pigments and natural dyes are used to create the paint for this art style. The painters use fingers, matchsticks, twigs, brushes, etc to create their colorful masterpieces.

2) Western Painting Styles and Techniques

These painting styles hold high relevance in today’s era. They have the following sub-categories:

a) Modernism

western painting styles, modernism

The time between 1860 and 1970 is considered to be the golden age of the modern painting style. The term ‘modernism’ was coined to surpass the pre-established boundaries of art and experiment with newer trends like industrialization, technology, urbanization, etc. To learn more about the history of modernism, click here.

b) Impressionism

western painting style, impressionism

Originally developed in Paris (the year 1874), the special features of this painting style include detailed brush strokes, unique visual angles, and simple and ordinary objects for depiction. If you wish to know the detailed history of impressionism, click here.

c) Abstract Art

western painting styles, abstract art

The Abstract art revolution started at the beginning of the 20th century in the city of Paris. This style of painting is non-objective. The entire artwork depends on the artist’s imagination. The artist is free to choose the colors, subjects, and shapes for his painting. For example, take a look at the above painting. Click here to learn the detailed history of abstract art.

d) Expressionism

western painting style, expressionism

Developed in Europe, the period between 1905 and 1920 is considered to be the golden age of this painting style. In this art style, a strong emphasis is given to depicting human emotions as the main theme of the painting. To learn more about the history of expressionism, click here.

e) Cubism

western painting style, cubism

One of the simplest art styles, Cubism was developed by artists Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in Paris (1907-1914). In this style of painting, various geometrical shapes act as the building blocks of the entire subject of the painting.

Take a look at the above painting. Here a variety of geometrical shapes like triangles and quadrilaterals have been used to draw the painting of the cat. In order to learn more about the history of cubism, click here.


f) Surrealism

western painting style, surrealism

Surrealism is one of the top art styles that gained popularity in France in the 20th century. This is a highly creative style of painting where a combination of various objects depicts the intended subject of the art. 

For example, in the above painting, the fruits are arranged in such a manner that the combination gives the appearance of a man's face. Click here to learn the detailed history of surrealism.

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